So yesterday, when we talked about the Great Siege of Malta, I mentioned toward the end that the Ottomans, despite losing that siege, would remain one of the great military powers in the Mediterranean region for another century or more. Well, by 1683 it had been a century or more, and that year’s Battle of Vienna showed that the times, they had a-changed. It was the first major engagement of the 1683-1699 Great Turkish War, one of many wars fought between the Ottomans and the Habsburg Empire in the 16th-18th centuries and a war that ended with the first peace treaty the Ottomans ever signed at a complete disadvantage, the Treaty of Karlowitz.
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